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Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD)

Sudden Cardiac Death - West Virginia

Consider The Facts

  • Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the abrupt loss of heart function in a person who may or may not have a diagnosed heart condition (arrhythmia, heart attacks).
  • Death occurs within minutes of the heart stopping.
  • Average survival rate of an out-of-hospital child cardiac arrest in the U.S. is 7.8%.
  • 1 – 8.3 deaths per 100,000 young persons per year.
  • Although sudden cardiac arrest in student athletes may be more visible, sudden cardiac death also occurs in young non-athletes.
  • Because approximately 20% of a community is in its schools on any given day, including students, teachers, staff and family members, a focused effort on cardiac arrest preparedness in schools is critical to protecting our children and others in the community and beyond.

Warning Signs & Risk Factors

Often there is no prior warning sign that identifies a person at risk of SCA. Possible warning signs, when present, can include:

  • Fainting or dizziness with exercise
  • Excessive fatigue or shortness of breath with exercise
  • Chest pain or chest discomfort with exercise

Similarly, there may be no known risk factor that identifies a person at risk of SCA:

  • Family history of sudden or unexplained death in family members under 50 years old
Preventing SCD Sudden Cardiac Death West Virginia 2
Causes of Sudden Cardiac Death West Virginia

Causes of SCD in the Young

  • History of CHD repair
  • Marfan syndrome
  • Coronary artery anomalies
  • Myocarditis
  • Substance abuse
  • Commotio cordis
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Brugada syndrome
  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
  • Catecholamine provoked VT
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome